Seeadler (Haliaeetus albicilla)



Nadjafzadeh M., Hofer H. & Krone O. (2016): Sit-and-wait for large prey: foraging strategy and prey choice of White-tailed Eagles. Journal of Ornithology 157: 165-178.

Nadjafzadeh M., Voigt C. C. & Krone O. (2016): Spatial, seasonal and individual variation in the diet of White-tailed Eagles Haliaeetus albicilla assessed using stable isotope ratios. Ibis 158: 1-15.

Nemesházi E., Kövér S., Zachos F. E., Horváth Z., Tihanyi G., Mórocz A., Mikuska T., Hám I., Literák I., Ponnikas S., Mizera T. & Szabó K. (2016): Natural and anthropogenic influences on the population structure of white-tailed eagles in the Carpathian Basin and central Europe. Journal of Avian Biology 47: .

Heuck C., Hermann C., Schabo D.G., Brandl R. & Albrecht J. (2016): Density-dependent effects on reproductive performance in a recovering population of White-tailed Eagles Haliaeetus albicilla. Ibis

Bulut Z., Bragin E. A., DeWoody J. A., Braham M. A., Katzner E. T. & Doyle J. M. (2016): Use of noninvasive genetics to assess nest and space use by White-Tailed Eagles. Journal of Raptor Research 50: 351-362.

Balotari-Chiebao F., Brommer J. E., Niinimäki T. & Laaksonen T. (2016): Proximity to wind-power plants reduces the breeding success of white-tailed eagle. Animal Conservation 19: 265-272.


Sándor A. D., Alexe V., Marinov M., Doroşencu A., Domşa C. & Kiss B. J. (2015): Nest-site selection, breeding success, and diet of white-tailed eagles (Haliaeetus albicilla) in the Danube Delta, Romania. Turkish Journal of Zoology 39: 300-307.

Todorov E., Daskalova G. & Shurulinkov P. (2015): Current Breeding Distribution and Conservation of White-tailed Eagle, Haliaeetus albicilla (L.) in Bulgaria. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 67: 3-10.


Probst R., Bogdea L., Bandacu D. S., Bohuš M., Cheshmedzhiev S., Gáborik Á., Geissler S., Hodor C. V., Ionescu D. T., Koev V., Mikuska T., Nagy Z., Parrag T., Rožac V., Schmidt M., Schneider T., Šćiban M., Tatai S., Todorov E., Tomik A., Tucakov M., Váczi M. & Frank G. (2014): The first comprehensive estimate of the winter population of the White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla along the Danube. Acrocephalus 35: 115-123.


Dahl E. L., May R., Hoel P. L., Bevanger K., Pedersen H. C., Røskaft E. & Stokke B. G. (2013): White-Tailed Eagles (Haliaeetus albicilla) at the Smøla Wind-Power Plant, Central Norway, Lack Behavioral Flight Responses to Wind Turbines. Wildlife Society Bulletin 37: 66-74.

Krone O., Nadjafzadeh M. & Berger A. (2013): White-tailed Sea Eagles (Haliaeetus albicilla) defend small home ranges in north-east Germany throughout the year. Journal of Ornithology 154: 827-835.

May R., Nygård T., Dahl E. L. & Bevanger K. (2013): Habitat Utilization in White-Tailed Eagles (Haliaeetus albicilla) and the Displacement Impact of the Smøla Wind-Power Plant. Wildlife Society Bulletin 37: 75-83.


Korsman J. C., Schipper A. M., Lenders H. J. R., Foppen R. P. B. & Hendriks A. J. (2012): Modelling the impact of toxic and disturbance stress on white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) populations. Ecotoxicology 21: 27-36.

Dahl E. L., Bevanger K., Nygard T., Roskaft E. & Stokke B.G. (2012): Reduced breeding success in white-tailed eagles at Smøla windfarm, western Norway, is caused by mortality and displacement. Biological Conservation 145: 79-85.

Spasov S., Arkumarev V., Dobrev D. & Dobrev V. (2012): An overview of monitoring for raptors in Bulgaria. Acrocephalus 33: 181-189.


Krüger O., Grünkorn T. & Struwe-Juhl B. (2010): The return of the white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) to northern Germany: Modelling the past to predict the future. Biological Conservation 143: 710-721.

Sulawa J., Robert A., Köppen U., Hauff P. & Krone O. (2010): Recovery dynamics and viability of the white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) in Germany. Biodiversity Conservation 19: 97-112.

Sumasgutner P., Zuna-Kratky T. & Krenn H. W. (2010): Influence of the vegetation structure on the nest-site selection of birds of prey in the March floodplain forests/Lower Austria. Vogelwarte 48: 81-95.

Van Rijn S., Zijlstra M. & Bijlsma R. G. (2010): Wintering White-Tailed Eagles Haliaeetus albicilla in the Netherlands: Aspects of Habitat Scale and Quality. Ardea 98: 373-382.


Bĕlka T. & Horal D. (2009): The White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) in the Czech Republic. Denisia 27: 65-77.

Evans R. J., Wilson J. D., Amar A., Douse A., MacLennan A., Ratcliffe N.& Whitfield D. P. (2009): Growth and demography of a re-introduced population of White-tailed Eagles Haliaeetus albicilla. Ibis 151: 244-254.

Horváth Z. (2009): White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) populations in Hungary between 1987–2007. Denisia 27: 85-95.

Krone O., Berger A. & Schulte R. (2009): Recording movement and activity pattern of a White-tailed Sea Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) by a GPS datalogger. Journal of Ornithology 150: 273-280.

Probst R. (2009): Der Seeadler (Haliaeetus albicilla) in Österreich: Das WWF Österreich Seeadlerprojekt. Denisia 27: 29-50.

Probst R. & Peter H. (2009): Der Seeadler (Haliaeetus albicilla) in Österreich: Eine Revision historischer Daten. Denisia 27: 19-28.

Probst R., Kohler B., Krone O., Ranner A. & Rössler M. (2009): Schutzanforderungen für den Seeadler im Herzen Europas - Ergebnisse des Workshops der WWF-Österreich Tagung in Illmitz, 18. November 2007. Denisia 27: 147-157.

Radović A. & Mikuska T. (2009): Testing the effect of persecution and permanent dispersion of sub-adult birds in long-term sustainability of White Tailed Eagles (Haliaeetus albicilla L.) population at different management options in Croatia. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 55: 395-407.

Whitfield D. P., Douse A., Evans R. J., Grant J., Love J., McLeod D. R. A., Reid R. & Wilson J. D. (2009): Natal and breeding dispersal in a reintroduced population of White-tailed Eagles Haliaeetus albicilla. Bird Study 56: 177-186.

Whitfield D. P., Duffy K., McLeod D. R. A., Evans R. J., MacLennan A. M., Reid R., Sexton D., Wilson J. D. & Douse A. (2009): Juvenile dispersal of White-tailed Eagles in Western Scotland. Journal of Raptor Research 43: 110-120.

Krone O., Kenntner N., Trinogga A., Nadjafzadeh M., Scholz F., Sulawa J., Totschek K., Schuck-Wersig P. and Ziehschank R. (2009): Lead poisoning in White-tailed Sea Eagles: Causes and approaches to solutions in Germany. The Peregrine Fund


Helander B., Bignert A. & Asplund L. (2008): Using Raptors as Environmental Sentinels: Monitoring the White-tailed Sea Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla in Sweden. Ambio 37: 425-431.


Hailer F., Helander B., Folkestad A. O., Ganusevich S. A., Garstad S., Hauff P., Koren C., Masterov V. B., Nygård T., Rudnick J. A., Shiraki S., Skarphedinsson K., Volke V., Wille F. & Vilà C. (2007): Phylogeography of the white-tailed eagle, a generalist with large dispersal capacity. Journal of Biogeography 34: 1193-1206.

Müller K., Altenkamp R. & Brunnberg L. (2007): Morbidity of Free-ranging White-tailed Sea Eagles (Haliaeetus albicilla) in Germany. Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery 21: 265-274.

Dementavičius D. (2007): White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) in Lithuania: population numbers and trends 1900-2007. Acta Zoologica Lituanica 17: 281-285.


Krone O., Stjernberg T., Kennntner N., Tataruch F., Koivusaari J. & Nuuja I. (2006): Mortality Factors, Helminth Burden, and Contaminant Residues in White-tailed Sea Eagles (Haliaeetus albicilla) from Finland. Ambio 35: 98-104.


Krone O. & Scharnweber C. (2003): Two white-tailed sea eagles (Haliaeetus albicilla) collide with wind generators in Northern Germany. Journal of Raptor Research 37: 174-176.


Zuna-Kratky T. & Kürthy A. (1999): Long-term study of birds of prey in the lower March-Thaya-valley along the Austrian-Slovakian border. Egretta 42: 17-29.

Zawadzka (1999): Feeding habits of the Black Kite Milvus migrans, Red Kite Milvus milvus, White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla and Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina in Wigry National Park (NE Poland). Acta ornithological 34: 65-75.


Halley D. J. (1998): Golden and White-tailed Eagles in Scotland and Norway Coexistence, competition and environmental degradation. British Birds 91: 171-179.


Green R. E., Pienkowski M. W. & Love J. A. (1996): Long-term viability of the re-introduced population of the white-tailed eagle Haliaeetus albicilla in Scotland. Journal of Applied Ecology : 357-368.



Stevenson A. & Evans R. (2015): White-tailed eagle.


Probst R. & Gaborik A. (2012): Action Plan for the conservation of the White-tailed Sea Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) along the Danube.


Kortland K., Evans R., Douse A. & Patterson G. (2011): Managing forests for white-tailed eagles.

May R. F., Nygard T., Dahl E. L., Reitan O. & Bevanger K. M. (2011): Collision risk in white-tailed eagles. Modelling kernel-based collision risk using satellite telemtry data in Smøla wind power plant.


May R., Hoel P. L., Langston R., Dahl E. L., Bevanger K., Reitan O., Nygård T., Pedersen H. C., Røskaft E. & Stokke B. G. (2010): Collision risk in white-tailed eagles. Modelling collision risk using vantage point observations in Smøla wind-power plant.


Helander B. & Stjernberg T. (2003): Action plan for the conservation of white-tailed sea eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla).



Hardey J., Crick H., Wernham C., Riley H., Etheridge B. & Thompson D. (2009): Raptors: a field guide for surveys and monitoring.

Saito K. (2009): Lead poisoning of Steller’s Sea-Eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus) and White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) caused by the ingestion of lead bullets and slugs, in Hokkaido Japan. In R. T. Watson, M. Fuller, M. Pokras, and W. G. Hunt (Eds.). Ingestion of Lead from Spent Ammunition: Implications for Wildlife and Humans. The Peregrine Fund, Boise, Idaho, USA.